Schizophrenia - Types
What are the types of schizophrenia?
There are different kinds of schizophrenia. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) manual describes them as below.
- Common form of schizophrenia.
- Prominent hallucinations and/or delusions.
- May develop at a later age than other types of schizophrenia.
- Speech and emotions may be unaffected.
- Disorganised behaviour without purpose.
- Disorganised thoughts: other people may find it difficult to understand you.
- Pranks, giggling, health complaints and grimacing.
- Short-lasting delusions and hallucinations.
- Usually develops between 15 and 25 years old.
- Rarer than other types.
- Unusual movements, often switching between being very active and very still.
- You may not talk at all.
Your diagnosis may have some signs of paranoid, hebephrenic or catatonic schizophrenia, but doesn’t obviously fit into one of these types alone.
You may be diagnosed with this if you have a history of psychosis but only have negative symptoms.
- Rarely diagnosed in the UK.
- Negative symptoms are prominent early and get worse quickly.
- Positive symptoms are rare.
People with cenesthopathic schizophrenia experience unusual bodily sensations.
Symptoms meet the general conditions for a diagnosis, but do not fit in to any of the above categories.
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