This section explains what psychosis is and its possible causes and treatments. You will find it useful if you are affected by psychosis or if you have a friend or family member who is affected.
- Psychosis is a medical term used to describe hearing or seeing things, or holding unusual beliefs that other people do not share.
- Common examples include hearing voices or believing that people are trying to do you harm.
- You can experience psychosis for a wide variety of reasons. For example it can be due to having a mental illness such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. It can also be caused by drug use, brain injury or extreme stress.
- There is no one single cause of psychosis but researchers believe that genes, biological factors and environment may play a part.
- In the NHS, people experiencing psychosis usually receive medication to start with but you may be offered talking therapy as well.
- To access treatment for psychosis, you usually need to have an assessment by specialist mental health services.
- If you are experiencing very severe psychotic symptoms you may need more urgent help such as going into hospital.
- If you are trying to communicate with a person experiencing psychosis there are communication methods you can try.
- There are different perspectives on how we should view and deal with psychosis. This includes listening to the voices or trying to understand the meaning of the unusual beliefs.
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